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Expressivity is a term used in genetics to refer to variations in a phenotype among individuals carrying a particular genotype. The term can be used to characterize qualitatively or quantitatively the extent of phenotypic variation given a particular genotype. The term is analogous to the severity of a condition in clinical medicine. For example, the amount of blood ejected from the pumping heart with each contraction can be quantitated by echocardiography and is called the ejection fraction. If a specific genotype is associated with the development of congestive heart failure, the expressivity would be represented by the range of ejection fractions seen in patients that have that genotype. As a more qualitative example, the blue gene might have an expressivity of 25% for individuals that express the blue gene and appear light blue, and 75% for individuals that express the blue gene and appear dark blue.